Hierarchical logical consequence

C. Caleiro, P. Gouveia, J. Ramos
2010 Logic Journal of the IGPL  
The modern view of logical reasoning as modeled by a consequence operator (instead of simply by a set of theorems) has allowed for huge developments in the study of logic as an abstract discipline. Still, it is unable to explain why it is often the case that the same designation is used, in an ambiguous way, to describe several distinct modes of reasoning over the same logical language. A paradigmatic example of such a situation is 'modal logic', a designation which can encompass reasoning over
more » ... Kripke frames, but also over Kripke models, and in any case either locally (at a fixed world) or globally (at all worlds). Herein, we adopt a novel abstract notion of logic presented as a lattice-structured hierarchy of consequence operators, and explore some common proof-theoretic and model-theoretic ways of presenting such hierarchies through a collection of meaningful examples. In order to illustrate the usefulness of the notion of hierarchical consequence operators we address a few questions in the theory of combined logics, where a suitable abstract presentation of the logics being combined is absolutely essential, and we show how to define and achieve a number of interesting preservation results for fibring, in the context of 2-hierarchies.
doi:10.1093/jigpal/jzp093 fatcat:s6q57ex36vft5hnxrakpqwc3ty