Mixed Region Covariance Discriminative Learning for Image Classification on Riemannian Manifolds

Xi Liu, Zhengming Ma, Guo Niu
2019 Mathematical Problems in Engineering  
Covariance matrices, known as symmetric positive definite (SPD) matrices, are usually regarded as points lying on Riemannian manifolds. We describe a new covariance descriptor, which could improve the discriminative learning ability of region covariance descriptor by taking into account the mean of feature vectors. Due to the specific geometry of Riemannian manifolds, classical learning methods cannot be directly used on it. In this paper, we propose a subspace projection framework for the
more » ... ification task on Riemannian manifolds and give the mathematical derivation for it. It is different from the common technique used for Riemannian manifolds, which is to explicitly project the points from a Riemannian manifold onto Euclidean space based upon a linear hypothesis. Under the proposed framework, we define a Gaussian Radial Basis Function- (RBF-) based kernel with a Log-Euclidean Riemannian Metric (LERM) to embed a Riemannian manifold into a high-dimensional Reproducing Kernel Hilbert Space (RKHS) and then project it onto a subspace of the RKHS. Finally, a variant of Linear Discriminative Analyze (LDA) is recast onto the subspace. Experiments demonstrate the considerable effectiveness of the mixed region covariance descriptor and the proposed method.
doi:10.1155/2019/1261398 fatcat:s6sn5wypsnb2hoedthukh7v4na