Cell type-specific regulation of SL-1 and SL-2 genes. Induction of the SL-2 gene but not the SL-1 gene by human keratinocytes in response to cytokines and phorbolesters
Journal of Biological Chemistry
The stromelysin-2 (SL-2) gene is transcriptionally active in normal human keratinocytes and encodes a secreted, catalytically competent but latent matrix metalloproteinase. Phorbolester induction resulted in the emergence of SL-2 (but not SL-1 transcripts), whereas the opposite was true for human mucosal fibroblasts. Expression of keratinocyte SL-2 was also induced by the two keratinocyte growth factors, transforming growth factor-alpha and epidermal growth factor, by the proinflammatory
... inflammatory cytokine, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, but, somewhat surprisingly, not by interleukin-1 beta. The latent SL-2 proenzyme was isolated from 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate-induced keratinocytes by immunoaffinity chromatography using a cross-reactive antibody raised against human SL-1. This procedure led to the recovery of a single M(r) 54,000 molecular species at a level of approximately 0.2 microgram/ml of culture medium. Amino-terminal sequencing identified the protein as SL-2 and verified the predicted signal sequence cleavage site. Conformational activation of latent SL-2 precursor by SDS gave rise to a full-length, uncleaved (M(r) 54,000) active form and at the same time exposed a cryptic thiol group. By contrast, organomercurial activation resulted in autolytic truncation of the molecule with loss of M(r) approximately 10,000 propeptide. SL-2 shared with (human fibroblast) SL-1 the ability to cleave casein, to "superactivate" fibroblast type procollagenase, and to form apparently binary, SDS-resistant complexes with tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1.