The Relationship Between Self-esteem, Growth Mindset and Depression Among Elderly Korean Man and Women

Yun-Jeong Kim, Department of Health, Counseling and Welfare, Hanseo University, Republic of Korea, Jin-Suk Hur*, Department of Elderly Welfare, Hanseo University, Republic of Korea
2021 Journal of Advanced Researches and Reports  
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between self-esteem and depression in men and women aged 65 years or older. To this end, surveys were conducted to a total of 365 men and women aged 65 or older living in Seoul, Gyeonggi, and Seosan from July to August 2019. The subjects of this study are men and women aged 65 or older living in the community. The survey was conducted with the cooperation of the head of the institution and the program manager by visiting the local
more » ... elong learning center, general social welfare center, and general welfare center for the elderly. To achieve the purpose of this study, t-test and correlation analysis were performed using SPSS21.0. The results were followings. First, the growth mindset showed a significant difference according to the sex of the elderly. In other words, older men had higher growth mindsets than older women. However, the difference between self-esteem and depression according to the sex of the elderly was not statistically significant. Second, the higher the self-esteem, the lower the depression in both the elderly. The self-esteem of elderly Korean males negatively affected depression (β=-.836, p<.001). The higher the self-esteem, the lower the depression. The self-esteem of elderly Korean women negatively affected depression (β=-.803, p<.001), too. In the case of elderly women, as in the case of elderly men, the higher the self-esteem, the lower the depression.
doi:10.21742/jarr.2021.1.2.18 fatcat:v6bqopykwbahbh733cslixwemq