Fragment assembly with double-barreled data

P. A. Pevzner, H. Tang
2001 Bioinformatics  
For the last twenty years fragment assembly was dominated by the "overlap -layout -consensus" algorithms that are used in all currently available assembly tools. However, the limits of these algorithms are being tested in the era of genomic sequencing and it is not clear whether they are the best choice for large-scale assemblies. Although the "overlap -layout -consensus" approach proved to be useful in assembling clones, it faces difficulties in genomic assemblies: the existing algorithms make
more » ... assembly errors even in bacterial genomes. We abandoned the "overlap -layout -consensus" approach in favour of a new Eulerian Superpath approach that outperforms the existing algorithms for genomic fragment assembly (Pevzner et al., 2001) . In this paper we describe our new EULER-DB algorithm that, similarly to the Celera assembler takes advantage of clone-end sequencing by using the double-barreled data. However, in contrast to the Celera assembler, EULER-DB does not mask repeats but uses them instead as a powerful tool for contig ordering. We also describe a new approach for the Copy Number Problem: "How many times a given repeat is present in the genome?". For long nearly-perfect repeats this question is notoriously difficult and some copies of such repeats may be "lost" in genomic assemblies. We describe our EULER-CN algorithm for the Copy Number Problem that proved to be successful in difficult sequencing projects.
doi:10.1093/bioinformatics/17.suppl_1.s225 pmid:11473013 fatcat:r7vcy6yhffbezowzs6rexndy6e