Residual Stress Redistribution due to Removal of Material Layers by Electrolytic Polishing
Residual Stresses 2016
The phenomenon of redistribution of residual stress due to the removal of material layers by electrolytic polishing can be attributed to the disturbance in the initial equilibrium state of the stress caused by the material removal, which must be considered when this technique is used together with X-ray diffraction for residual stress determination. This study investigates these redistributions and involves the development of a numerical simulation model on the ANSYS finite element platform, in
... which different material removal cases were simulated on a flat plate model. The cases simulated and compared includes the removal of complete layers in incremental depths, the removal of strip layers in incremental widths and depths as well as the removal of square sections in incremental sizes and depths. The main objective deals with the effect of removal depth for the full layer removal and the effect of plate geometry for the square and strip removal models. A mathematical correction technique that was shown to correct the redistributions within minimal limits for the square layer removal process is proposed. Moore and Evans correction as well as Pederson-Hanson correction techniques are currently being used, but both methods are not unique to square section removal corrections and were used for model validation. The correction proposed displayed promising results when applied to simulated data, but lacked enough data and experimental validation to be generalized. The findings show a lot of insight into the redistribution patterns of these stresses as well as the different parameters that affect their behavior.