VoR-tree

Mehdi Sharifzadeh, Cyrus Shahabi
<span title="2010-09-01">2010</span> <i title="VLDB Endowment"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/p6rqwwpkkjbcldejepcehaalby" style="color: black;">Proceedings of the VLDB Endowment</a> </i> &nbsp;
A very important class of spatial queries consists of nearestneighbor (NN) query and its variations. Many studies in the past decade utilize R-trees as their underlying index structures to address NN queries efficiently. The general approach is to use R-tree in two phases. First, R-tree's hierarchical structure is used to quickly arrive to the neighborhood of the result set. Second, the R-tree nodes intersecting with the local neighborhood (Search Region) of an initial answer are investigated
more &raquo; ... find all the members of the result set. While R-trees are very efficient for the first phase, they usually result in the unnecessary investigation of many nodes that none or only a small subset of their including points belongs to the actual result set. On the other hand, several recent studies showed that the Voronoi diagrams are extremely efficient in exploring an NN search region, while due to lack of an efficient access method, their arrival to this region is slow. In this paper, we propose a new index structure, termed VoR-Tree that incorporates Voronoi diagrams into R-tree, benefiting from the best of both worlds. The coarse granule rectangle nodes of R-tree enable us to get to the search region in logarithmic time while the fine granule polygons of Voronoi diagram allow us to efficiently tile or cover the region and find the result. Utilizing VoR-Tree, we propose efficient algorithms for various Nearest Neighbor queries, and show that our algorithms have better I/O complexity than their best competitors.
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.14778/1920841.1920994">doi:10.14778/1920841.1920994</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/764ke3luqfbpnemdw63yknzaze">fatcat:764ke3luqfbpnemdw63yknzaze</a> </span>
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