Radial Spokes—A Snapshot of the Motility Regulation, Assembly, and Evolution of Cilia and Flagella

Xiaoyan Zhu, Yi Liu, Pinfen Yang
2016 Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Biology  
Propulsive forces generated by cilia and flagella are used in events that are critical for the thriving of diverse eukaryotic organisms in their environments. Despite distinctive strokes and regulations, the majority of them adopt the 9þ2 axoneme that is believed to exist in the last eukaryotic common ancestor. Only a few outliers have opted for a simpler format that forsakes the signature radial spokes and the central pair apparatus, although both are unnecessary for force generation or
more » ... eneration or rhythmicity. Extensive evidence has shown that they operate as an integral system for motility control. Recent studies have made remarkable progress on the radial spoke. This review will trace how the new structural, compositional, and evolutional insights pose significant implications on flagella biology and, conversely, ciliopathy.
doi:10.1101/cshperspect.a028126 pmid:27940518 fatcat:zlmctxaodzavlflo5apt7weyjq