Man Versus Nature: Ernest Hemingway's Irony in the Old Man and the Sea

S. G. Mohanraj
2021 Bioscience Biotechnology Research Communications  
Ernest Hemingway's words that "Man is not much beside the great birds and beasts" (66) in the novel The Old Man and the Sea showcase the big fissure that can be found in the relationship between man and nature. The lines, "thank God, they are not as intelligent as we who kill them; although they are more noble and more able," (Hemingway 61) speaks the rest. It is prominent that ego of man destroys the entire natural world, and this message has been clearly conveyed by Ernest Hemingway on many
more » ... casions in this novel. The statement that "A man can be destroyed but not defeated" (Hemingway 102) stands as an irony in this novel since the plot clearly depicts the defeat of the old man Santiago towards the conclusion. An analysis of the ecological underpinnings in the novel and the relationship between man and nature from the author's perspective best reflects the irony.
doi:10.21786/bbrc/14.8.40 fatcat:zkq4aivtcnfhhg7ipproeulkay