Gastrointestinally Digested Protein from the Insect Alphitobius diaperinus Stimulates a Different Intestinal Secretome than Beef or Almond, Producing a Differential Response in Food Intake in Rats

Alba Miguéns-Gómez, Carme Grau-Bové, Marta Sierra-Cruz, Rosa Jorba-Martín, Aleidis Caro, Esther Rodríguez-Gallego, Raúl Beltrán-Debón, M Teresa Blay, Ximena Terra, Anna Ardévol, Montserrat Pinent
2020 Nutrients  
In this study we compare the interaction of three protein sources—insect, beef, and almond—with the gastrointestinal tract. We measured the enterohormone secretion ex vivo in human and pig intestine treated with in vitro digestions of these foods. Insect and beef were the most effective in inducing the secretion of CCK, while almond was the most effective in inducing PYY in pig duodenum. In the human colon, almond was also the most effective in inducing PYY, and GLP-1 levels were increased by
more » ... were increased by insect and beef. The three digested proteins reduced ghrelin secretion in pig duodenum, while only insect reduced ghrelin secretion in human colon. We also found that food intake in rats increased in groups fed a raw insect pre-load and decreased when fed raw almond. In conclusion, the insect Alphitobius diaperinus modulates duodenal and colonic enterohormone release and increases food intake in rats. These effects differ from beef and almond.
doi:10.3390/nu12082366 pmid:32784756 fatcat:n5skxrixgzbzvedgtrekk7rsri