Challenges and Benefits of Approaches Used to Integrate Regional Monitoring Programs

T. J. Arciszewski, D. R. Roberts, K. R. Munkittrick, G. J. Scrimgeour
2021 Frontiers in Environmental Science  
Although challenging to develop and operate, some degree of integrated monitoring is often necessary, especially at regional scales, to address the complex questions of environmental management and regulation. The concept of integration is well-understood, but its practice across programs and studies can be diverse suggesting a broader examination of the existing general approaches is needed. From the literature, we suggest integration of monitoring can occur across three study components:
more » ... pretation, analysis, and design. Design can be further subdivided into partial and full integration. Respectively combining information, data, and designs, we further define these types of integration and describe their general benefits and challenges, such as strength of inference. We further use the Oil Sands Monitoring program in northern Alberta as an example to clarify the practices common among integrated monitoring programs. The goal of the discussion paper is to familiarize readers with the diverse practices of integrated monitoring to further clarify the various configurations used to achieve the wider goals of a program.
doi:10.3389/fenvs.2021.666698 fatcat:b6rtjltgszbxjadqdln4uswrmi