BRACHYCEPHALIC AIRWAY SYNDROME IN DOGS

Andreea-Bianca Bofan, Iuliana Ionașcu, Alexandru Șonea
unpublished
Brachycephalic syndrome in dogs, also called congenital obstructive disease of the upper airway is described as a continuous process of anatomical and functional disorders of the respiratory and digestive systems. The syndrome is characterized by stenotic nares, elongated soft palate, everted laryngeal saccules and in advanced stages by laryngeal collapse. Clinically, dogs show signs of respiratory distress, such as: severe dyspnea, wheezing, coughing, snoring, exercise intolerance, increased
more » ... erance, increased respiratory effort, hyperthermia and collapse, and digestive signs, as: vomiting, regurgitation, ptyalism, pyloric stenosis and inflammation of the gastrointestinal segments. Medical management includes weight control and reduced physical effort. Patients with acute respiratory syndrome should be treated as an emergency. Surgical treatment requires wedge resection of stenotic nares or rhinoplasty, shortening of the soft palate or palatoplasty, and removal of laryngeal saccules. Early recognition and correction of brachycephalic airway syndrome has favorable long-term outcomes for the patient.
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