Increased local connectivity of brain functional networks during facial processing in schizophrenia: evidence from EEG data

Tianyi Yan, Wenhui Wang, Tiantian Liu, Duanduan Chen, Changming Wang, Yulong Li, Xudong Ma, Xiaoying Tang, Jinglong Wu, Yiming Deng, Lun Zhao
2017 OncoTarget  
Schizophrenia is often considered to be a disconnection syndrome. The abnormal interactions between large-scale functional brain networks result in cognitive and perceptual deficits. The present study investigated event-related functional connectivity networks to compare facial processing in individuals with and without schizophrenia. Faces and tables were presented to participants, and event-related phase synchrony, represented by the phase lag index (PLI), was calculated. In addition,
more » ... oscillatory dynamics may be useful for understanding the neural mechanisms underlying the disparate cognitive and functional impairments in schizophrenic patients. Therefore, the dynamic graph theoretical networks related to facial processing were compared between individuals with and without schizophrenia. Our results showed that event-related phase synchrony was significantly reduced in distributed networks, and normalized clustering coefficients were significantly increased in schizophrenic patients relative to those of the controls. The present data suggest that schizophrenic patients have specific alterations, indicated by increased local connectivity in gamma oscillations during facial processing.
doi:10.18632/oncotarget.20598 pmid:29291031 pmcid:PMC5739816 fatcat:a4notj7qhjharfcnubwbumyyzq