The β-Endorphin Role in Stress-Related Psychiatric Disorders

Avia Merenlender-Wagner, Yahav Dikshtein, Gal Yadid
2009 Current Drug Targets  
C u r r e n t D r u g T a r g e t s Abstract: Long known for its anti-nociceptive effects, the opioid -endorphin is also reported to have rewarding and reinforcing properties and to be involved in stress response. In this manuscript we summarize the present neurobiological and behavioral evidence regarding the role of -endorphin in stress-related psychiatric disorders, depression and PTSD. There is existing data that support the importance of -endorphin neurotransmission in mediating
more » ... As for PTSD, however, the data is thus far circumstantial. The studies described herein used diverse techniques, such as biochemical measurements of -endorphin in various brain sites and behavioral monitoring, in two animal models of depression and PTSD. We suggest that the pathways for stress-related psychiatric disorders, depression and PTSD, converge to a common pathway in which -endorphin is a modulating element of distress. This may occur its interaction with the mesolimbic monoaminergic system and also by its interesting effects on learning and memory. The possible involvement ofendorphin in the process of stress-related psychiatric disorders, depression and PTSD, is discussed. Interaction of -Endorphin with the Monoaminergic Systems Several studies show that activation of the opioid system can alter dopamine release. Ventricular infusions of --endorphin and strees-related psychiatric disorders
doi:10.2174/138945009789735147 pmid:19702553 fatcat:o7ylziqoznda7egrtaw2ybpyyy