Comparative Analysis of Orthologous Mast Cell Chymases Active Sites Using Bioinformatics Tools

2022 Stem Cell Research International  
Mast cells, neutrophils, basophils, natural killer cells, and cytotoxic T cells are among the hematopoietic cell lines originating from immune cells. The importance of mammalian mast cells in innate immunity has piqued the scientific community's interest. cytoplasmic granules of mast cells. Histamine, proteoglycans, proteins, and cytokines are examples of compounds (mediators) that produce mast cell cytoplasmic granules. When external stimuli are received, these granules are released, causing
more » ... granulation. Mast cells generate a lot of proteases including chymase, tryptase, and type A carboxypeptidase, among other things. The structure of chymase cma1 was unknown in mice, but it shares 74 percent of its human sequence with chymase CMA1, which was used as a reference. The human CMA1 structure was used to establish and interpret the mouse cma1 structure. Significant residues from the active site, such as catalytic triads and binding residues, were examined. The position of a catalytic triad in human CMA1 chymase and mouse cma1 chymase has been discovered to be similar. Val 175 and Val 197, respectively, replaced two Ala 192 and Gly 214 residues in active site binding residues in target, according to active site residue analysis. We may deduce from this substitution that the cleavage specificity of mouse cma1 chymase varies from that of human CMA1 chymase.
doi:10.33140/scri.05.01.04 fatcat:fcp5fg365rbepbd77xev36yehy