TRAINING INSTITUTIONS FOR TEACHERS OF PRIMARY CLASSES OF POLTAVA REGION OF THE END OF XIX EARLY XX CENTURIES
The article deals with the activity of teacher training institutions of Poltava region, features of their activity and foundation, characterizes the organization of the educational process. Emphasis is placed on the role of zemstvos in the activities of these educational institutions. In the second half of the 19th century, much attention was paid to the training of public school teachers. Public organizations (zemstvos, societies) and, in contrast to the previous time, the Ministry of Public
... ucation played an important role. Thus, in 1865 in each educational district (except Kyiv) "at one of the county schools..., at the discretion of the trustee,... before the establishment in the future... special teacher's seminaries" were established pedagogical courses. A year later their number doubled Kyiv educational district since 1862 at the University of St. Vladimir there was a "pedagogical school for the training of teachers of folk schools in the south-western provinces"). Teachers' seminaries are secondary pedagogical educational institutions for the training of teachers of public primary schools. They had a 3- and 4-year course of study.Young people at least 16 years old of all classes and religions were admitted after passing the entrance exams according to the program of two-grade primary schools. Preparatory classes were opened for entrants. Maintained at the expense of state and zemstvo funds. Taught: the law of God, Russian and Church Slavonic languages, arithmetic, geometry, Russian and general history and geography, science, drawing, calligraphy, basics of pedagogy, gymnastics, singing, music, pedagogical practical classes, handicrafts. Extracurricular activities were practiced. Teachers were graduates of universities, teachers' institutes, gymnasiums.