Transgenic Model of Aldosterone-Driven Cardiac Hypertrophy and Heart Failure

Wenning Qin, Amy E. Rudolph, Brian R. Bond, Ricardo Rocha, Eric A.G. Blomme, Joseph J. Goellner, John W. Funder, Ellen G. McMahon
2003 Circulation Research  
Aldosterone classically promotes unidirectional transepithelial sodium transport, thereby regulating blood volume and blood pressure. Recently, both clinical and experimental studies have suggested additional, direct roles for aldosterone in the cardiovascular system. To evaluate aldosterone activation of cardiomyocyte mineralocorticoid receptors, transgenic mice overexpressing 11␤-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2 in cardiomyocytes were generated using the mouse ␣-myosin heavy chain
more » ... This enzyme converts glucocorticoids to receptor-inactive metabolites, allowing aldosterone occupancy of cardiomyocyte mineralocorticoid receptors. Transgenic mice were normotensive but spontaneously developed cardiac hypertrophy, fibrosis, and heart failure and died prematurely on a normal salt diet. Eplerenone, a selective aldosterone blocker, ameliorated this phenotype. These studies confirm the deleterious consequences of inappropriate activation of cardiomyocyte mineralocorticoid receptors by aldosterone and reveal a tonic inhibitory role of glucocorticoids in preventing such outcomes under physiological conditions. In addition, these data support the hypothesis that aldosterone blockade may provide additional therapeutic benefit in the treatment of heart failure. (Circ Res. 2003;93:69-76.) Key Words: 11␤-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2 Ⅲ mineralocorticoid Ⅲ eplerenone Ⅲ mineralocorticoid receptor Ⅲ heart failure Original
doi:10.1161/01.res.0000080521.15238.e5 pmid:12791709 fatcat:wpghajkajbhbjkv35ywrwzknpe