Differentiation of Mycobacterium bovis isolates from animals by DNA typing
Journal of Clinical Microbiology
The insertion sequence IS6110 and the direct repeat (DR) specific to tuberculosis complex mycobacteria and the highly repeated DNA sequence, the polymorphic GC-rich repeat sequence (PGRS), were systematically used to identify restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs) within 210 isolates of Mycobacterium bovis. The isolates were primarily of bovine origin, but isolates from badgers, feral deer, sheep, humans, and a pig were included. The RFLP probes IS6110, DR, and PGRS individually
... S individually identified 17, 18, and 18 different RFLP types, respectively, but in combination these probes identified a total of 39 different M. bovis RFLP types. The recommendations () for a standardized RFLP analysis for M. tuberculosis were adapted to facilitate gel documentation, image analysis, and construction of a database of RFLP types. In the present study the same M. bovis RFLP types were evident in the various animal species included, indicating that the strains were not host restricted. Application of these techniques to defined field studies should help elucidate more accurately aspects of the epidemiology of bovine tuberculosis in different countries.