Heterogeneities in intrinsic excitability and frequency-dependent response properties of granule cells across the blades of the rat dentate gyrus [article]

Poonam Mishra, Rishikesh Narayanan
2019 bioRxiv   pre-print
ABSTRACTThe dentate gyrus (DG), the input gate to the hippocampus proper, is anatomically segregated into three different sectors, namely the suprapyramidal blade, the crest region and the infrapyramidal blade. Although there are well-established differences between these sectors in terms of neuronal morphology, connectivity patterns and activity levels, differences in electrophysiological properties of granule cells within these sectors have remained unexplored. Here, employing somatic
more » ... ing somatic whole-cell patch-clamp recordings from the rat DG, we demonstrate that granule cells in these sectors manifest considerable heterogeneities in their intrinsic excitability, temporal summation, action potential characteristics and frequency-dependent response properties. Across sectors, these neurons showed positive temporal summation of their responses to inputs mimicking excitatory postsynaptic currents, and showed little to no sag in their voltage responses to pulse currents. Consistently, the impedance amplitude profile manifested low-pass characteristics and the impedance phase profile lacked positive phase values at all measured frequencies, voltages and for all sectors. Granule cells in all sectors exhibited class I excitability, with broadly linear firing rate profiles, and granule cells in the crest region fired significantly less action potentials compared to those in the infrapyramidal blade. Finally, we found weak pairwise correlations across the 18 different measurements obtained individually from each of the three sectors, providing evidence that these measurements are indeed reporting distinct aspects of neuronal physiology. Together, our analyses show that granule cells act as integrators of afferent information, and emphasize the need to account for the considerable physiological heterogeneities in assessing their roles in information encoding and processing.
doi:10.1101/701342 fatcat:vrlpqg2bvjfuxe3vn6xz6ilpwa