Prevalence Of Intestinal Helminths infections among schooling children in tropical semi urban communities

EA Ekpenyong, EJ Eyo
2009 Animal Research International  
Prevalence of intestinal helminths infections among school children in Igbo-Eze South Local Government Area, Enugu State, Nigeria were stud ed between July and December 2005 Significant differences (P < 0.05) were recorded among the 1,296 school chi dren (ages 4 -15) randomly sampled and examined for intestina helminthes. The prevalence of intestinal helminths varied significantly among schools sampled (P < 0.05). Central Schoo , Ovoko had the highest percent prevalence for Ascaris lumbricoides
more » ... (9.3 %), hookworm (6.0 %) and Trichuris trichiura (2.3 %). The least per cent prevalence of A. lumbricoides was recorded in Community Primary School, Iheakpu-Awka (2.3 %), while the least per cent prevalence of hookworm occurred in Community Primary School 3 Itchi. T. trichiura was not recorded in community primary schools in Itchi, Unadu and Iheakpu-Awka. Similarly, the prevalence of these parasitic helminths varied signi icantly among the age groups (P < 0 05), with age groups 4 -6 highly infected w th A. lumbricoides (7.0 %), 13 -15 w h hookworm (3.7 %) and 7 -9 w th T. tr chiura (1.2 %). T. tr chiura was absent in stool samp es of 4 -6 and 13 -15 age groups. The prevalence of these intestinal parasites also varied significantly between the sexes with fema es having comparatively more A. lumbricoides (5.4 %), hookworm (3.2 %) and T. trichiura (0.8 %) than males. Our study indicated that intestinal helminthiasis was prevalent in the area, and as such, control measures such as chemo herapy, provision o adequate sanitary facil ties and potable drinking water, improved personal hygiene and health educa ion should be the focus of non-governmental and governmental health institutions in Nigeria.
doi:10.4314/ari.v5i1.48715 fatcat:ynahl4yedvfz5l6dvttva655au