Glucose Added to a Fat Load Suppresses the Postprandial Triglyceridemia Response in Carriers of the 1131C and 56G Variants of the APOA5 Gene
Apolipoprotein A-V plays an important role in the determination of plasma triglyceride (TG) concentration. We aimed to determine whether polymorphisms -1131T>C (rs662799) and 56C>G (rs3135506) of the APOA5 gene have an impact on the course of postprandial lipemia induced by a fat load and a fat load with added glucose. Thirty healthy male volunteers, seven heterozygous for the -1131C variant and three for the 56G variant (HT) carriers, and 20 wild-type (WT) carriers underwent two 8-hour tests
... postprandial lipemia – one after an experimental breakfast consisting of 75 g of fat and second after a breakfast consisting of 75 g of fat and 25 g of glucose. HT carriers had a higher postprandial response after fat load than WT carriers (AUC TG: 14.01±4.27 vs. 9.84±3.32 mmol*h/l, respectively, p=0.016). Glucose added to the test meal suppressed such a difference. Heterozygous carriers of the variants of APOA5 (-1131C and 56G) display more pronounced postprandial lipemia after pure fat load than WT carriers. This statistically significant difference disappears when glucose is added to a fat load, suggesting that meal composition modulates the effect of these polymorphisms on the magnitude of postprandial lipemia.