Performance of Dual-Hop Relaying for OWC System Over Foggy Channel with Pointing Errors and Atmospheric Turbulence [article]

Ziyaur Rahman, Tejas Nimish Shah, S. M. Zafaruddin, V. K. Chaubey
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Optical wireless communication (OWC) over atmospheric turbulence and pointing errors is a well-studied topic. Still, there is limited research on signal fading due to random fog and pointing errors in outdoor environments. In this paper, we analyze the performance of a decode-and-forward (DF) relaying under the combined effect of random fog, pointing errors, and atmospheric turbulence with a negligible line-of-sight (LOS) direct link. We consider a generalized model for the end-to-end channel
more » ... th independent and not identically distributed (i.ni.d.) pointing errors, random fog with Gamma distributed attenuation coefficient, asymptotic exponentiated Weibull turbulence, and asymmetrical distance between the source and destination. We derive distribution functions of the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), and then we develop analytical expressions of the outage probability, average SNR, ergodic rate, and average bit error rate (BER) in terms of OWC system parameters. We also develop simplified performance to provide insight on the system behavior analytically under various practically relevant scenarios. We demonstrate the mutual effects of channel impairments and pointing errors on the OWC performance, and show that the relaying system provides significant performance improvement compared with the direct transmissions, especially when pointing errors and fog becomes more pronounced.
arXiv:2105.14256v1 fatcat:cl3heuq3bnckbkdyxfc526mfty