Does Regulation Drive Competition? Evidence from the Spanish Local TV Industry

Ricard Gil, Mitsukuni Nishida
2012 Social Science Research Network  
Although we have many tools to understand the effect of regulation on competition, we know little about the importance of enforcement in explaining the impact of regulation. For this purpose, this paper uses data from Spanish local television industry in Spain from 1995 through 2001, which provide an unique opportunity for examining how competition changes with the introduction of regulation and a posterior liberalization. During this period, the television industry transitioned from a state of
more » ... alegality (no regulation in place) to being highly regulated and finally to being deregulated. Using a firm entry model from Reiss (1990, 1991), we estimate local TV station entry thresholds by number of entrants across years. We decompose the ratio into the fixed costs and variable profits, and find both an increase in the fixed-costs ratios and decrease in the variable-profit ratios drive the departure in the entry threshold from the one in other years. We find the model parameters are informative about the nature of the regulation and how strongly the government enforces the regulation. * We gratefully acknowledge financial support from the NET Institute (, the Kauffman Foundation, and the SP-SP Center at IESE. The usual disclaimer applies. Note: This table provides summary statistics of all variables used in the empirical analysis. The number of observations for all variables is 9627, that is, 3207 observations for each year in the sample
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2164346 fatcat:3nfu4exxs5d53jsxn2h653azbe