Traumatic events and recall

Stéphane Duckett
2005 Age and Ageing  
656 inter-rater reliability was found between the two nurses in the total BI (Spearman; r=0.98) or in individual activities (Cohen's kappa higher to 0.89 in all). When necessary (presence of cognitive impairment, delirium) the interviewers obtained responses from carers (n=21). The student's t test, the chi-squared or Fisher's exact test and the Spearman correlation test were used. Reliability was assessed with Cohen's kappa test. The sample was composed of 45 women (55%) and 37 men, with a
more » ... age of 72.6 (±11) years. Mean BI, assessed by nurses, was 87.3 (±19) and by residents, 88 (±21). In 40 (48.7%) patients some differences in the mean values of BI were observed. When overall BI score was analysed, agreement was high (r=0.793), but the agreement inter-observer was low (kappa<0.4) in some fields (Table 1) such as feeding, grooming and transfers, and was medium in others (kappa from 0.40 to 0.75). When differences were analysed between those patients showing concordance and those who did not show it, the latter were older (76.2 versus 69.2; P<0.005), but there were no differences related to gender (P=0.6), either when the interview was done with the patient or with the carer (P=0.06). We have observed that although the overall concordance was good, it was weak in some subsets. These results suggest that the comparison should be done item by item; those items that showed higher differences were feeding, grooming and transfer. In conclusion, a low inter-rater reliability in the BI was observed when clinical nurses in Gerontology and Family Medicine residents were compared, thus suggesting that these need specific training in order to improve their BI use.
doi:10.1093/ageing/afi208 pmid:16267204 fatcat:4uxywbyvdjb3ddtwtbxnehbjeq