Spontaneous Mutation Accumulation Studies in Evolutionary Genetics

Daniel L. Halligan, Peter D. Keightley
2009 Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution and Systematics  
Mutation accumulation (MA) experiments, in which mutations are allowed to drift to fixation in inbred lines, have been a principal way of studying the rates and properties of new spontaneous mutations. Phenotypic assays of MA lines inform us about the nature of new mutational variation for quantitative traits and provide estimates of the genomic rate and the distribution of effects of new mutations. Parameter estimates compared for a range of species suggest that the genomic mutation rate
more » ... by several orders of magnitude and that the distribution of effects tends to be dominated by large-effect mutations. Some experiments suggest synergistic interactions between the effects of spontaneous deleterious mutations, whereas others do not. There is little reliable information on the distribution of dominance effects of new mutations. Most evidence does not suggest strong dependency of the effects of new mutations on the environment. Information from phenotypic assays has recently been augmented by direct molecular estimates of the mutation rate. 151 Annu. Rev. Ecol. Evol. Syst. 2009.40:151-172. Downloaded from arjournals.annualreviews.org by University of Edinburgh on 11/20/09. For personal use only. Click here for quick links to Annual Reviews content online, including: • Other articles in this volume • Top cited articles • Top downloaded articles • Our comprehensive search Further ANNUAL REVIEWS MA: mutation accumulation ΔM: change in M per generation V m : mutational variance, the variance introduced into a population each generation as a result of mutation per generation 152 Halligan · Keightley
doi:10.1146/annurev.ecolsys.39.110707.173437 fatcat:lshowdqikvg5bk5g7vs5miugiy