Osteoporosis: A silent disease affecting endentulous patients at an alarming rate

Rajeev Gupta, Archana Nagpal, Surbhi Abrol, Yamini Ruthwal, Mamata Mahajan, P Student
2017 Annals of Prosthodontics and Restorative Dentistry   unpublished
Osteoporosis has evolved as the major bone disease characterized by weak and fracture prone bones. Osteoporosis is a "silent disease" because bone eventually becomes porous, brittle and thus making it abnormally vulnerable to fracture even under minor jolt, otherwise asymptomatic. It is commonly seen in 3 rd and 4 th decade of life. Women are four times more affected then men. When comparing to healthy normal patient osteoporotic patients tend to have more discomfort with their existing
more » ... ir existing dentures. Therefore, a well-balanced diet including vitamin D and calcium supplements with regular physical exercise is advised. Introduction Osteoporosis is one of the major global health problems, WHO estimated more than 200 million cases. Osteoporosis is a debilitating and progressive systemic bone pathology characterized by micro-architectural degeneration of cancellous bone density and consequent increase in risk of fracture. (1) Deterioration in alveolar bone height have been correlated with changes in bone tissue. Osteoporosis is a systemic disease that primarily affects post-menopausal women but can also affect older men. Epidemiological facts indicate that around 65% of Indians aged 50 and above are affected by osteoporosis, out of which approximately 80% are women. (2)