Compartment syndrome of the upper limbs after bee sting: Case report

Roberto Carlo Rivera Díaz, Luis Felipe Naquira Escobar, Sandra Milena Martínez Ramírez, Valentina Cifuentes Hoyos
2014 Colombian Journal of Anesthesiology  
Autonomic nerve block a b s t r a c t Introduction: The upper limb compartment syndrome is considered an emergency. It may cause necrosis and loss of functionality of the hand. The principal treatment is fasciotomies. However, there are therapeutic possibilities that may help or avoid surgery, provided there is always the option to do a fasciotomy when conservative treatment fails. Objective: To assess the clinical response and treatment safety with stellate ganglion block and cervical epidural
more » ... anesthesia in a patient with compartment syndrome of both upper limbs. Methods and materials: Descriptive longitudinal prospective study in a case report format, of a patient with compartment syndrome of both upper extremities that underwent a stellate ganglion block and cervical epidural anesthesia for treating her condition. The patient was followed for 7 days. The recovery of sensitivity and the mobility were assessed on both hands, in addition to pain intensity and bilateral distal cyanosis improvement. Results: The patient evolved satisfactorily with evidence of recovery of sensitivity and mobility in both hands, adequate pain control and immediate and bilateral improved distal cyanosis. Conclusions: Sympathetic block and epidural cervical analgesia are a treatment option for the comprehensive approach of the compartment syndrome, as long as the patient receives constant monitoring of any alarm signs and a surgeon is immediately available to do fasciotomies if the intervention therapy fails. Conclusiones: el bloqueo simpático y la analgesia epidural cervical son una alternativa terapéutica en el tratamiento integral del síndrome compartimental siempre y cuando el paciente reciba una monitorización continua de los signos de alarma y tenga la disponibilidad inmediata de un cirujano de mano para realizar fasciotomías en caso de que el tratamiento intervencionista falle.
doi:10.1016/j.rcae.2013.05.010 fatcat:dhhyrmalp5hxboebksgz7gpjeu