Neuroprotection of Triptolide against Amyloid-Beta1-42-induced toxicity via the Akt/mTOR/p70S6K-mediated Autophagy Pathway

Pengjuan Xu, Zixuan Wu, Yanfei Peng, Jing Gao, Fang Zheng, Junzhen Tan, Jing Xu, Tao Wang
2022
Triptolide is a natural active compound that has significant neuroprotective properties and shows promising effects in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Recent studies have shown that autophagy occurs in AD. In this study, we determined whether autophagy regulated by triptolide ameliorates neuronal death caused by amyloid-Beta1-42 (Aβ1-42). We examined the effects of triptolide on cell viability, autophagy, apoptosis, and the protein kinase B/mammalian target of the rapamysin/70 kDa
more » ... osomal protein S6 kinase (Akt/mTOR/p70S6K) signaling pathway in PC12 cells. The results indicated that triptolide treatment exhibited a cytoprotective effect against cell injury induced by Aβ1-42. Triptolide also reduced apoptosis and enhanced cell survival by decreasing autophagosome accumulation and inducing autophagic degradation. Furthermore, our results also showed that activating the Akt/mTOR/p70S6K mechanism was one reason for the protection of triptolide. Triptolide treatment protected against Aβ1-42-induced cytotoxicity by decreasing autophagosome accumulation, and inducing autophagic degradation in PC12 cells. These findings also suggest that the reduction of autophagosome accumulation observed in triptolide-treated cells was Akt/mTOR/p70S6K pathway dependent. Overall, triptolide exhibits a neuron protective effect and this study provides new insight into AD prevention and treatment.
doi:10.1590/0001-3765202220210938 pmid:35946645 fatcat:5hqdn656xjdglktn7wpwqw2nja