Development of a Streptococcus pneumoniae Keratitis Model in Mice

Quincy C. Moore III, Clare C. McCormick, Erin W. Norcross, Chinwendu Onwubiko, Melissa E. Sanders, Jonathan Fratkin, Larry S. McDaniel, Richard J. O'Callaghan, Mary E. Marquart
2009 Ophthalmic Research  
Streptococcus pneumoniae is a common cause of bacterial keratitis, and models to examine the ocular pathogenesis of this bacterium would aid in efforts to treat pneumococcal keratitis. The aim of this study was to establish a murine model of pneumococcal keratitis. Methods: The corneas of A/J, BALB/c or C57BL/6 mice were scratched and topically infected with a clinical strain of S. pneumoniae . Slitlamp examination (SLE), enumeration of bacteria in the corneas and histology were performed.
more » ... ts: Bacteria were recovered from the eyes of A/J mice on postinfection (PI) days 1 [1.96 8 0.61 log 10 colony-forming units (CFU)] and 3 (1.41 8 0.71 log 10 CFU). SLE scores were significantly higher in the infected A/J mice as compared to the BALB/c or C57BL/6 mice on PI day 3 (p ! 0.0001) and steadily increased over time, reaching a maximal value of 3.00 8 0.35 on PI day 10. Histopathology revealed stromal edema and the influx of polymorphonuclear leukocytes on PI days 7 and 10, and corneal disruption on PI day 7. Conclusions: S. pneumoniae keratitis was established in A/J mice, but not BALB/c or C57BL/6 mice.
doi:10.1159/000229028 pmid:19628954 pmcid:PMC2790775 fatcat:p4mcrfjudzhcpirq433s3nngdi