The effect of extreme weather events on breeding parameters of the White StorkCiconia ciconia

Marcin Tobolka, Katarzyna M. Zolnierowicz, Nicola F. Reeve
2015 Bird Study  
Although the White Stork avoids adverse weather conditions modifying its arrival and 13 breeding, it cannot avoid extreme weather events during the breeding season. 14 Aims 15 To show how extreme weather conditions can influence breeding attempts of a large, long-16 lived species, the White Stork. 17 Methods 18 We analysed data on arrivals of White Storks in Western Poland from 2005 -2013 and 19 detailed breeding biology parameters from 2009 -2013 in relation to weather conditions. 20 We
more » ... d breeding success and breeding failure rate from 1974 -2013.
doi:10.1080/00063657.2015.1058745 fatcat:opgtpvd35fhjplnf6po2p3rngi