Optimization of ultra-high-performance concrete with nano- and micro-scale reinforcement
Ultra-high-performance concrete (UHPC) incorporates a relatively large volume fraction of very dense cementitious binder with microscale fibers. The dense binder in UHPC can effectively interact with nano-and microscale reinforcement, which offers the promise to overcome the brittleness of UHPC. Nanoscale reinforcement can act synergistically with microscale fibers by providing reinforcing action of a finer scale, and also by improving the bond and pullout behavior of microscale fibers. Carbon
... ale fibers. Carbon nanofiber (CNF) and polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) fiber were used as nanoand microscale reinforcement, respectively, in UHPC. An optimization experimental program was conducted in order to identify the optimum dosages of CNF and PVA fiber for realizing balanced gains in flexural strength, energy absorption capacity, ductility, impact resistance, abrasion resistance, and compressive strength of UHPC without compromising the fresh mix workability. Experimental results indicated that significant and balanced gains in the UHPC performance characteristics could be realized when a relatively low volume fraction of CNF (0.047 vol.% of concrete) is used in combination with a moderate volume fraction of PVA fibers (0.37 vol.% of concrete).