Orbifold line topology and the cosmic microwave background

Ben Rathaus, Assaf Ben-David, Nissan Itzhaki
2013 Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics  
We extend our study of a universe with a non-classical stringy topology, and consider an orbifold line topology, R×R^2/Z_p. This topology has a fixed line and identifies each point in space with p-1 other points. An observable imprint of an orbifold line on the CMB is the appearance of up to (p-1)/2 pairs of matching circles. Searching the WMAP data for matching circles, we can rule out an orbifold line topology with p up to 10, except for p=8. While the significance of the peak at p=8 varies
more » ... tween data releases of WMAP, it does not appear in Planck data, enabling us to rule out p=8 as well.
doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2013/10/045 fatcat:b5l4rockyreyjmd37jalgqcpjy