PULSE: Optical circuit switched Data Center architecture operating at nanosecond timescales [article]

Joshua L. Benjamin, Thomas Gerard, Domaniç Lavery, Polina Bayvel, Georgios Zervas
2020 arXiv   pre-print
We introduce PULSE, a sub-microsecond optical circuit-switched data centre network architecture controlled by distributed hardware schedulers. PULSE is a flat architecture that uses parallel passive coupler-based broadcast and select networks. We employ a novel transceiver architecture, for dynamic wavelength-timeslot selection, to achieve a reconfiguration time down to O(100ps), establishing timeslots of O(10ns). A novel scheduling algorithm that has a clock period of 2.3ns performs multiple
more » ... erations to maximize throughput, wavelength usage and reduce latency, enhancing the overall performance. In order to scale, the single-hop PULSE architecture uses sub-networks that are disjoint by using multiple transceivers for each node in 64 node racks. At the reconfiguration circuit duration (epoch = 120 ns), the scheduling algorithm is shown to achieve up to 93% throughput and 100% wavelength usage of 64 wavelengths, incurring an average latency that ranges from 0.7-1.2 microseconds with best-case 0.4 microsecond median and 5 microsecond tail latency, limited by the timeslot (20 ns) and epoch size (120 ns). We show how the 4096-node PULSE architecture allows up to 260k optical channels to be re-used across sub-networks achieving a capacity of 25.6 Pbps with an energy consumption of 85 pJ/bit.
arXiv:2002.04077v2 fatcat:c7tmlesdzna3dd6uhu2nnkdfda