A 3GSps 12-bit Four-Channel Time-Interleaved Pipelined ADC in 40 nm CMOS Process

Jianwen Li, Xuan Guo, Jian Luan, Danyu Wu, Lei Zhou, Yinkun Huang, Nanxun Wu, Hanbo Jia, Xuqiang Zheng, Jin Wu, Xinyu Liu
2019 Electronics  
This paper presents a four-channel time-interleaved 3GSps 12-bit pipelined analog-to-digital converter (ADC). The combination of master clock sampling and delay-adjusting is adopted to remove the time skew due to channel mismatches. An early comparison scheme is used to minimize the non-overlapping time, where a custom-designed latch is developed to replace the typical non-overlapping clock generator. By using the dither capacitor to generate an equivalent direct current input, a
more » ... t, a zero-input-based calibration is developed to correct the capacitor mismatch and inter-stage gain error. Fabricated in a 40 nm CMOS process, the ADC achieves a signal-to-noise-and-distortion ratio (SNDR) of 57.8 dB and a spurious free dynamic range (SFDR) of 72 dB with a 23 MHz input tone. It can achieve an SNDR above 52.3 dB and an SFDR above 61.5 dB across the entire first Nyquist zone. The differential and integral nonlinearities are −0.93/+0.73 least significant bit (LSB) and −2.8/+4.3 LSB, respectively. The ADC consumes 450 mW powered at 1.8V, occupies an active area of 3 mm × 1.3 mm. The calculated Walden figure of merit reaches 0.44 pJ/step.
doi:10.3390/electronics8121551 fatcat:bh5krkazkjel7khls5tdkvwdqa