Repurposing type I–F CRISPR–Cas system as a transcriptional activation tool in human cells

Yuxi Chen, Jiaqi Liu, Shengyao Zhi, Qi Zheng, Wenbin Ma, Junjiu Huang, Yizhi Liu, Dan Liu, Puping Liang, Zhou Songyang
2020 Nature Communications  
Class 2 CRISPR-Cas proteins have been widely developed as genome editing and transcriptional regulating tools. Class 1 type I CRISPR-Cas constitutes ~60% of all the CRISPR-Cas systems. However, only type I-B and I-E systems have been used to control mammalian gene expression and for genome editing. Here we demonstrate the feasibility of using type I-F system to regulate human gene expression. By fusing transcription activation domain to Pseudomonas aeruginosa type I-F Cas proteins, we activate
more » ... ene transcription in human cells. In most cases, type I-F system is more efficient than other CRISPR-based systems. Transcription activation is enhanced by elongating the crRNA. In addition, we achieve multiplexed gene activation with a crRNA array. Furthermore, type I-F system activates target genes specifically without off-target transcription activation. These data demonstrate the robustness and programmability of type I-F CRISPR-Cas in human cells.
doi:10.1038/s41467-020-16880-8 pmid:32561716 fatcat:24sapff2wbaj7cr3jqctfzqbzi