Pengaruh Terapi Relaksasi Otot Progresif Terhadap Tingkat Kecemasan Pasien Kanker Payudara di RSUP Haji Adam Malik, Medan

Rizky Rahma Nova, Roxsana Devi Tumanggor
2018 Talenta Conference Series: Tropical Medicine (TM)  
Patient with breast cancer is experienced a psychological pressure with cancer diagnosis. This condition leads to anxiety and hopeless feeling toward life. One of the therapies which found effective to minimize anxiety is progressive muscle relaxation. The objective of the reasearch was to find the influence of progressive muscle relaxation therapy as the nursing intervention in reducing the anxiety level of the patient with breast cancer. The research applied quasi experiment method with
more » ... st and post-test control group design. The samples involved are 26 patients with breast cancer, which consist of 13 patients with intervention and 13 patient without intervention. The research instrument used to assess the anxiety level was HRS-A (Hamilton Rating Scale-Anxiety) questionnaire. The research conducted at RSUP Haji Adam Malik Medan from May to June,2016. Progressive muscle relaxation theraphy was carried out in 3 days with the frequency of 6 times exercise. The result of the research showed that t-value was -4.275 and p-value=0.000 or p-value < 0.05 (0,000) which indicated that there was the influence of progressive muscle relaxation therapy on the decrease in the level of anxiety of breast cancer patients. Therefore, nurse can use progressive muscle relaxation as non-pharmacological in coping with breast cancer patients. Patient with breast cancer mostly experienced psychological pressure . This condition leads to anxiety and hopeless feeling toward life. One of the therapies which regarded effective to minimize anxiety is progressive muscle relaxation. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of progressive muscle relaxation therapy as intervention in reducing the anxiety level of the patient with breast cancer. This study employed quasi experiment method with a pre-test and post-test control group design. The sample was composed of 26 breast cancer patients; 13 patients with intervention and 13 patients without intervention. The research instrument used to assess the anxiety level was HRS-A (Hamilton Rating Scale-Anxiety) questionnaire. The study was conducted in Haji Adam Malik Hospital Medan from May to June, 2016. Progressive muscle relaxation theraphy was carried out for 3 days, with a frequency of 6 exercises The results showed that t-value was -4.275 and p-value=0.000 indicating that there was an effect of progressive muscle relaxation therapy in reducing the level of anxiety of breast cancer patients. Therefore, nurse can use progressive muscle relaxation as non-pharmacological in coping with breast cancer patients.
doi:10.32734/tm.v1i1.33 fatcat:gwhwe35d5ndydk22uqhwatta5i