Kitaev-Ising model and the transition between topological and ferromagnetic order

Vahid Karimipour, Laleh Memarzadeh, Parisa Zarkeshian
2013 Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics  
We study the Kitaev-Ising model, where ferromagnetic Ising interactions are added to the Kitaev model on a lattice. This model has two phases which are characterized by topological and ferromagnetic order. Transitions between these two kinds of order are then studied on a quasi-one dimensional system, a ladder, and on a two dimensional periodic lattice, a torus. By exactly mapping the quasi-one dimensional case to an anisotropic XY chain we show that the transition occurs at zero λ where λ is
more » ... e strength of the ferromagnetic coupling. In the two dimensional case the model is mapped to a 2D Ising model in transverse field, where it shows a transition at finite value of λ. A mean field treatment reveals the qualitative character of the transition and an approximate value for the transition point. Furthermore with perturbative calculation, we show that expectation value of Wilson loops behave as expected in the topological and ferromagnetic phases.
doi:10.1103/physreva.87.032322 fatcat:bdq47tdvbfcphfksgq7s4cf4j4