Cerebral venous congestion correlates to acute aneurysm rupture: An illustrative case with Doppler ultrasonography study

V. Annese, N. Murdeu, C. Frau, M. Gregorio, S. Sanguigni
2020 eNeurologicalSci  
The objective of our description is to shed light on some new hemodynamic and clinical characteristics in the unstable cerebral aneurysm Case: We describe a 54 year old woman who presented a tension headache, that increasing for several days. A CT scan performed in ER suggests a possible arterial ectasia at the level of the circle of Willis. The patient is hospitalized. An angio CT shows an aneurysm of the anterior communicating artery, without signs of fixation and/or other instability. A
more » ... quent TCCD examination with venous study shows clear congestion at the level of the spheno-parietal sinus. The Valsalva maneuver determines an increase in local congestion. In the light of the ultrasound picture, the patient was quickly received in Neurosurgery with success. we describe a clinical case where the worsening tension headache was not secondary to the increase of volume of the aneurysm but was an epiphenomenon of venous congestion, explored with TCCD. The mass effect of the aneurysm determined venous sinus compression and changed the hemodynamic of the cerebral venous flow. We believe that venous outflow obstruction and a high intracranial venous pressure gradient may be a cerebral aneurysm rupture factor.
doi:10.1016/j.ensci.2020.100231 pmid:32181376 pmcid:PMC7066058 fatcat:evxrh7lujvd3hk3phnptbas2hq