Dictionary Learning-Based fMRI Data Analysis for Capturing Common and Individual Neural Activation Maps [article]

Rui Jin, Krishna Dontaraju, Seung-Jun Kim, Siddique Akhonda, Tülay Adali, Maryland Shared Open Access Repository
2020
A novel dictionary learning (DL) method is proposed to estimate sparse neural activations from multi-subject fMRI data sets. By exploiting the label information such as the patient and the normal healthy groups, the activation maps that are commonly shared across the groups as well as those that can explain the group differences are both captured. The proposed method was tested using real fMRI data sets consisting of schizophrenic subjects and healthy controls. The DL approach not only
more » ... h not only reproduced most of the maps obtained from the conventional independent component analysis (ICA), but also identified more maps that are significantly group-different, including a number of novel ones that were not revealed by ICA. The stability analysis of the DL method and the correlation analysis with separate neuropsychological test scores further strengthen the validity of our analysis.
doi:10.13016/m2v4w5-istc fatcat:pkjkxez4u5a2pj5oy75psrkove