Time-Frequency Analysis of EEG Asymmetry Using Bivariate Empirical Mode Decomposition

Cheolsoo Park, D. Looney, P. Kidmose, M. Ungstrup, D. P. Mandic
2011 IEEE transactions on neural systems and rehabilitation engineering  
A novel method is introduced to determine asymmetry, the lateralization of brain activity, using extension of the algorithm empirical mode decomposition (EMD). The localized and adaptive nature of EMD make it highly suitable for estimating amplitude information across frequency for nonlinear and nonstationary data. Analysis illustrates how bivariate extension of EMD (BEMD) facilitates enhanced spectrum estimation for multichannel recordings that contain similar signal components, a realistic
more » ... umption in electroencephalography (EEG). It is shown how this property can be used to obtain a more accurate estimate of the marginalized spectrum, critical for the localized calculation of amplitude asymmetry in frequency. Simulations on synthetic data sets and feature estimation for a brain-computer interface (BCI) application are used to validate the proposed asymmetry estimation methodology. Index Terms-Asymmetry ratio, bivariate empirical mode decomposition (BEMD), cognitive task, electroencephalography (EEG), empirical mode decomposition (EMD).
doi:10.1109/tnsre.2011.2116805 pmid:21342855 fatcat:hs67etyokfe3zceum7fcjp2oie