Simultaneous Dimensionality and Complexity Model Selection for Spectral Graph Clustering [article]

Congyuan Yang, Carey E. Priebe, Youngser Park, David J. Marchette
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Our problem of interest is to cluster vertices of a graph by identifying underlying community structure. Among various vertex clustering approaches, spectral clustering is one of the most popular methods because it is easy to implement while often outperforming more traditional clustering algorithms. However, there are two inherent model selection problems in spectral clustering, namely estimating both the embedding dimension and number of clusters. This paper attempts to address the issue by
more » ... tablishing a novel model selection framework specifically for vertex clustering on graphs under a stochastic block model. The first contribution is a probabilistic model which approximates the distribution of the extended spectral embedding of a graph. The model is constructed based on a theoretical result of asymptotic normality of the informative part of the embedding, and on a simulation result providing a conjecture for the limiting behavior of the redundant part of the embedding. The second contribution is a simultaneous model selection framework. In contrast with the traditional approaches, our model selection procedure estimates embedding dimension and number of clusters simultaneously. Based on our conjectured distributional model, a theorem on the consistency of the estimates of model parameters is presented, providing support for the validity of our method. Algorithms for our simultaneous model selection for vertex clustering are proposed, demonstrating superior performance in simulation experiments. We illustrate our method via application to a collection of brain graphs.
arXiv:1904.02926v4 fatcat:fru3b7fcivf35l6lxbhcox4ffy