Akhilesh Kumar Jaiswal, Narayan Prasad, Vikas Agarwal, Manas Ranjan Behera
2021 Nephrology, Dialysis and Transplantation  
Background and Aims PLA2R is an autoantigen present in glomerular podocytes of Membranous Nephropathy (MN) patients. Several drugs have been tried which included nonspecific anti-proteinuric agents; corticosteroids, alone or with alkylating agents; cyclosporine; intravenous Ig; mycophenolate mofetil; and rituximab. There is no standard therapy for patients with frequent relapsing or steroid-dependent MN. We propose the efficacy of low dose Tacrolimus (TAC) plus prednisolone and associated
more » ... s in anti-PLA2R in adult IMN. Method Total 101 membranous nephropathy patients were treated with combination of prednisolone 1mg/kg alt-day) and Tac 0.1mg/kg/day (trough 6-10 ng/ml first 6M and 4-6 ng/ml for next 3M) then both taper by 1/3 every month up to 12M. Out of 101 patients; 15 diabetic; 7 lupus; 1HBV and 1 ankylosing spondylitis patients were excluded. Finally; 77 Patients were followed and evaluated for the anti-PLA2R level at baseline; 3M; 6M; 12M and end of follow-up (17-61 ; median 38 months). CR; PR; relapse; and side-effects were recorded.Of the 77 patients; at 3M 60(77.92%; CR-37; PR-23); at 6M 61(79.22%; CR-53; PR-8); at 12M 53(68.86%; CR-47; PR-6) achieved remission. Eight (10.38%) relapsed and 16(20.77%) showed no response at 12M. At end of follow-up; out of 54 responsive patients 37(68.51%; CR-36; PR-1) remained in remission and 17(31.48%) patients relapsed. Results Out of 77 patients; 51 (66.3%) were anti-PLA2R positive. Remission rate was significantly low in PLA2R+ve than PLA2R-ve (36/51 vs 24/26; p=0.03) at 3M; (36/51 vs 25/26; p=0.009) at 6M and (31/51 vs 22/26; p=0.03) at 12M. PLA2R level was decreased by 60.38% and 77.56% at 3M and 6M respectively (1A & 1B). There were significant correlations between PLA2R level and 24h proteinuria at baseline; 3M and at 6M (1C). During therapy 4 patients develop cutaneous tenia; 1 osteonecrosis of the femur head; 1 corpus tunnel syndrome; 4 onset diabetes; 3 tremor; and 14 patients experienced GI symptoms. The eGFR was decreased significantly (p=0.003) by 26.5% at the end of therapy and was normalized after stopping Tac; and 5 non-responsive patients had doubling of serum creatinine and progressively deteriorated eGFR. To note; 4 females had pregnancy and successful delivery in our cohort of patients. Conclusion PLA2R+ve patients showed poor response compare to PLA2R-ve patients. Remission with Tacrolimus and prednisolone therapy is comparable to historical Ponticelli (Pred plus CYP) regimen. Successful pregnency was ovserved on Tac based regimen.
doi:10.1093/ndt/gfab104.0010 fatcat:pkmctv5vufdybg3o7no7dvmgtm