A ppm Ethanol Sensor Based on Fabry–Perot Interferometric Surface Stress Transducer at Room Temperature

Toshiaki Takahashi, Yong-Joon Choi, Kazuaki Sawada, Kazuhiro Takahashi
2020 Sensors  
Disease screening by exhaled breath diagnosis is less burdensome for patients, and various devices have been developed as promising diagnostic methods. We developed a microelectromechanical system (MEMS) optical interferometric surface stress sensor to detect volatile ethanol gas at room temperature (26~27 °C) with high sensitivity. A sub-micron air gap in the optical interferometric sensor reduces interference orders, leading to increased spectral response associated with nanomechanical
more » ... ion caused by ethanol adsorption. The sub-micron cavity was embedded in a substrate using a transfer technique of parylene-C nanosheet. The sensor with a 0.4 µm gap shows a linear stable reaction, with small standard deviations, even at low ethanol gas concentrations of 5–110 ppm and a reversible reaction to the gas concentration change. Furthermore, the possibility of detecting sub-ppm ethanol concentration by optimizing the diameter and thickness of the deformable membrane is suggested. Compared with conventional MEMS surface stress gas sensors, the proposed optical interferometric sensor demonstrated high-sensitivity gas detection with exceeding the detection limit by two orders of magnitude while reducing the sensing area.
doi:10.3390/s20236868 pmid:33266348 fatcat:4atjkhlhqvgble4rohc65iohru