Study on Sewage Purification Effect in Surface Flow Constructed Wetland

Xiuli Li
2020 Nature Environment and Pollution Technology  
The status quo that the shortage of water resources in North China and the arbitrary discharge of sewage in rural areas have led to the deterioration of water environment, which not only aggravates the contradiction between supply and demand of regional water resources but also brings harm to people's life and health. How to properly discharge sewage according to the actual situation in rural areas is a question that needs to be answered urgently. The method adopted in this paper is to build a
more » ... aper is to build a constructed wetland with low cost and simple operation and maintenance in the study area, and purify the water quality through parallel + multi-stage cascade surface flow constructed wetland system. The results show that the purification effect of the wetland system is acceptable, and the removal rate of each index shows a decreasing trend with time. The larger the area is, and the more plant species there are, the better the removal effect will be. The trend of concentration change along the water flow path of each index is also gradually decreasing, and the decline in the early stage is larger. The method of standard index evaluation is adopted to evaluate water quality purification effect of the wetland system, and all indexes reach the standard. In accordance with the Surface Water Environment Quality Standard (GB3838-2002), after wetland purification, the water quality indexes of COD, TP, NH 3 -N and DO all reach Class IV water quality standard, and BOD 5 reaches Class II water quality standard. The wetland system effectively reduces the impact of arbitrary sewage discharge on the water environment in rural areas and achieved water quality purification and ecological restoration. The quality of the living environment of local residents is improved. The beautiful environment also promotes people's awareness of protecting wetland ecological environment.
doi:10.46488/nept.2020.v19i03.011 fatcat:nt2d3xjmpbddpldymctedscara