Temporal association of neuropsychological test performance using unsupervised learning reveals a distinct signature of Alzheimer's disease status

Prajakta S. Joshi, Megan Heydari, Shruti Kannan, Ting Fang Alvin Ang, Qiuyuan Qin, Xue Liu, Jesse Mez, Sherral Devine, Rhoda Au, Vijaya B. Kolachalama
2019 Alzheimer s & Dementia Translational Research & Clinical Interventions  
Subtle cognitive alterations that precede clinical evidence of cognitive impairment may help predict the progression to Alzheimer's disease (AD). Neuropsychological (NP) testing is an attractive modality for screening early evidence of AD. Longitudinal NP and demographic data from the Framingham Heart Study (FHS; N = 1696) and the National Alzheimer's Coordinating Center (NACC; N = 689) were analyzed using an unsupervised machine learning framework. Features, including age, logical
more » ... ate and delayed recall, visual reproduction-immediate and delayed recall, the Boston naming tests, and Trails B, were identified using feature selection, and processed further to predict the risk of development of AD. Our model yielded 83.07 ± 3.52% accuracy in FHS and 87.57 ± 1.19% accuracy in NACC, 80.52 ± 3.93%, 86.74 ± 1.63% sensitivity in FHS and NACC respectively, and 85.63 ± 4.71%, 88.41 ± 1.38% specificity in FHS and NACC, respectively. Our results suggest that a subset of NP tests, when analyzed using unsupervised machine learning, may help distinguish between high- and low-risk individuals in the context of subsequent development of AD within 5 years. This approach could be a viable option for early AD screening in clinical practice and clinical trials.
doi:10.1016/j.trci.2019.11.006 pmid:31921970 pmcid:PMC6944730 fatcat:5in2hkgeijcs5lhn5lmydijw7u