increased hygroscopicity of arizona test Dust seeds by secondary organic aerosol coating from α-pinene ozonolysis
Keskinen, h., Kortelainen, a.-m., Jaatinen, a., Yli-Pirilä, P., Joutsensaari, J., romakkaniemi, s., hao, l. Q., torvela, t., miettinen, P., virtanen, a., Worsnop, D. r., laaksonen, a. & smith, J. n. 2014: increased hygroscopicity of arizona test Dust seeds by secondary organic aerosol coating from α-pinene ozonolysis. Boreal Env. Res. 19 (suppl. B): 182-190. Organic compounds can enhance the hygroscopic properties of insoluble dust particles and thereby affect their cloud condensation nuclei
... densation nuclei activity in the atmosphere. In this study, Arizona Test Dust (ATD) particles were exposed to oxidized organic vapors from the ozonolysis of α-pinene in a laboratory chamber. The particle size-dependent morphology, inorganic and organic composition and hygroscopic properties were studied. The dust consisted of particles with a range of morphologies from spherical to geometrical, with a size range from 50 nm to 1 µm. Exposure to oxidized organics resulted in a separate mode of secondary organic aerosol (SOA) particles with size ranging below 100 nm and a well-mixed ATD + SOA mode at larger sizes. The O:C mole ratio for the organics produced from α-pinene ozonolysis was stable at 0.4 ± 0.05 in all experiments. The results showed that the hygroscopicities of the ATD particles with a diameter of 100-150 nm were enhanced by a factor of four with the addition of SOA, corresponding to a particulate organic volume fraction of ~0.6 and an average k of 0.09.