Comparison of the Structure of Grain Boundaries in Silicon and Diamond by Molecular-Dynamics Simulations

P. Keblinski, S. R. Phillpot, D. Wolf, H. Gleiter
1997 Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings  
Molecular-dynamics simulations were used to synthesize nanocrystalline silicon with a grain size of up to 75A by crystallization of randomly misoriented crystalline seeds from the melt. The structures of the highly-constrained interfaces in the nanocrystal were found to be essentially indistinguishable from those of high-energy bicrystalline grain boundaries (GBs) and similar to the structure of amorphous silicon. Despite disorder, these GBs exhibit predominantly four-coordinated (sp3-like)
more » ... ated (sp3-like) atoms and therefore have very few dangling bonds. By contrast, the majority of the atoms in high-energy bicrystalline GBs in diamond are three-coordinated ( sp2-like). Despite the large fraction of three-coordinated GB carbon atoms, they are rather poorly connected amongst themselves, thus likely preventing any type of graphite-like electrical conduction through the GBs.
doi:10.1557/proc-472-15 fatcat:hrnj42q67rgrlj7ogc4ygwcg4q