Perspectives of Hydro Power Plant and Pumped Storage System in Tamil Nadu

2018 International Journal of ChemTech Research  
The increase in power demand causes more challenges in power sector of developing countries. In India, the increase in peak power demand necessitates energy storage schemes over and above the conventional power plants to ensure power system stability. In utility energy storage schemes, the Pumped Storage System (PSS) attract more attention even in the developed countries due to its unique operational flexibility over other energy storage systems. PSS is the most reliable and commonly used
more » ... commonly used option for large scale energy storage purposes worldwide. As the contribution of renewable energy is increasing rapidly in the total energy, it becomes more relevant to construct PSS plants to store the energy trapped considering its intermittent nature which may otherwise hamper the stability and security of the power system. This paper presents an overview of the distribution of PSS available in India and highlights the need to develop PSS in different regions to meet the demand. As the most reliable renewable energy, hydropower energy is widely used throughout the world. Hydroelectric power captures the energy released from falling water. In the most simplistic terms, waterfalls due to gravity, this causes kinetic energy to be converted into mechanical energy which in turn can be converted into a useable form of electrical energy by the water turbine and generator. Hydroelectric power plants are categorized according to size. They fit into one of four different size ranges: Micro, Mini, Small, and Large. A Micro sized plant is one that generates less than 100 KW of electricity and would typically be used to power 1-2 houses. A Mini facility can serve an isolated community or a small factory by generating 100KW-1MW of electricity. A Small plant generates 1MW-30MW and can serve an area
doi:10.20902/ijctr.2018.110417 fatcat:f26kn2qyanditd7dzr7yjqnsoy