Finite-pulse waves for efficient suppression of evolving mesoscale dendrites in rechargeable batteries

Asghar Aryanfar, Michael R. Hoffmann, William A. Goddard
2019 Physical review. E  
The ramified and stochastic evolution of dendritic microstructures has been a major issue on the safety and longevity of rechargeable batteries, particularly for the utilization high-energy metallic electrodes. We analytically develop criteria for the pulse characteristics leading to the effective halting of the ramified electrodeposits grown during extensive time scales beyond inter-ionic collisions. Our framework is based on the competitive interplay between diffusion and electromigration and
more » ... lectromigration and tracks the gradient of ionic concentration throughout the entire cycle of pulse-rest as a critical measure for heterogeneous evolution. In particular, the framework incorporates the Brownian motion of the ions and investigates the role of the geometry of the electrodeposition interface. Our novel experimental observations verify the analytical developments, where the the dimension-free developments allows the application to the electrochemical systems of various scales.
doi:10.1103/physreve.100.042801 fatcat:qnuuufmf6zcr7if4cbt3ujukrm