Oxidation of glutathione to its thiyl free radical metabolite by prostaglandin H synthase. A potential endogenous substrate for the hydroperoxidase

T E Eling, J F Curtis, L S Harman, R P Mason
1986 Journal of Biological Chemistry  
The oxidation of glutathione to a thiyl radical by prostaglandin H synthase was investigated. Ram seminal vesicle microsomes, in the presence of arachidonic acid, oxidized glutathione to its thiyl-free radical metabolite, which was detected by ESR using the spin trap 5,5-dimethyl-1-pyrroline-N-oxide. Oxidation of glutathione was dependent on arachidonic acid and inhibited by indomethacin. Peroxides also supported oxidation, indicating that the oxidation was by prostaglandin hydroperoxidase.
more » ... athione served as a reducingcofactor for the reduction of 15-hydroperoxy-5,8,11,13-eicosatetraenoic acid to 15-hydroxy-5,8,11,13-eicosatetraenoic acid at 1.5-2 times the nonenzymatic rate. Although purified prostaglandin H synthase in the presence of either H2O2 or 15-hydroperoxy-5,8,11,13-eicosatetraenoic acid oxidized glutathione to a thiyl radical, arachidonic acid did not support glutathione oxidation. Glutathione also inhibited cyclooxygenase activity as determined by measuring oxygen incorporation into arachidonic acid. Reverse-phase high pressure liquid chromatography analysis of the arachidonic acid metabolites indicated that the presence of glutathione in an incubation altered the metabolite profile. In the absence of the cofactor, the metabolites were PGD2, PGE2, and 15-hydroperoxy-PGE2 (where PG indicates prostaglandin), while in the presence of glutathione, the only metabolite was PGE2. These results indicate that glutathione not only serves as a cofactor for prostaglandin E isomerase but is also a reducing cofactor for prostaglandin H hydroperoxidase. Assuming that glutathione thiyl-free radical observed in the trapping experiments is involved in the enzymatic reduction of 15-hydroperoxy-5,8,11,13-eicosatetraenoic acid to 15-hydroxy-5,8,11,13-eicosatetraenoic acid, then a 1-electron donation from glutathione to prostaglandin hydroperoxidase is indicated.
pmid:3007487 fatcat:6ueoipcsjvfmze6q3qeq4ii27u